In order to keep your home warm in the winter months and cool in the summer, it is crucial to have proper insulation. Home insulation helps to regulate the temperature in your home by trapping heat during the winter and keeping cool air in during the summer. There are many different types of insulation available on the market, so it is vital to choose the right one for your home. Here is a look at what homeowners need to know about home insulation.
What Is R-Value?
When shopping for insulation, you’ll see references to the “R-value.” This measures the ability of insulation to resist heat flow. The higher the R-value, the greater the insulating power. Different types of insulation have different R-values.
The R-value of insulation depends on several factors, including the type of insulation, the thickness of the insulation, and the density of the insulation. For example, fibreglass insulation has an R-value of 2.5 to 4.0 per inch, while cellulose insulation has an R-value of 3.5 to 3.8 per inch.
The R-value of insulation is an essential factor to consider when choosing insulation for your home, as it will determine how effective the insulation is at keeping your home warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
What Are the Types of Insulation Material?
Fibreglass is the most common type of insulation. It’s made from glass fibres spun into a mat and then sandwiched between two layers of plastic. Fibreglass is an effective insulator and is often used in both new construction and retrofit projects. It’s easy to install and is available in a variety of thicknesses. One downside of fibreglass is that it can irritate the skin and eyes, so it’s essential to wear protective clothing and goggles when working with it.
Cellulose is another type of insulation that’s made from recycled paper products. It’s treated with fire retardants and chemicals to make it resistant to mould and pests. Cellulose is dense, so it’s suitable for areas where soundproofing is a concern. It’s also environmentally friendly and can be installed by homeowners with basic DIY skills. One downside of cellulose is that it’s flammable, so it’s essential to install it properly and avoid using it in areas where there’s a fire risk.
Foam insulation is made from various materials, including polystyrene, polyurethane, and fibreglass. It’s available in both spray and rigid board form. Foam insulation is highly effective at sealing off air leaks and gaps. It’s also great for soundproofing and is often used in commercial and industrial applications. One downside of foam insulation is that it’s flammable, so it’s crucial to install it properly and avoid using it in areas where there’s a fire risk.
Mineral wool is made from rock, slag, or glass fibres. It’s dense and effective at sealing off air leaks and gaps. Mineral wool is also fire-resistant and often used in commercial and industrial applications. One downside of mineral wool is that it can be challenging to work with and irritate the skin and eyes.
How Is Insulation Installed?
Insulation is installed in two ways: rolled or blown. Rolled insulation is the most common type and is installed in sheets. Blown insulation is installed in a liquid form and is blown into the space that needs to be insulated.
Rolled insulation is installed by first measuring the space that needs to be insulated. The insulation is then cut to fit the space and is installed between the studs in the walls. The edges of the insulation are sealed with tape to keep the insulation in place.
Blown insulation is installed by creating a hole in the wall slightly larger than the insulation. The insulation is then blown into the hole and sealed with a piece of tape.
Homeowners need to be aware of the different types of insulation available and how they can benefit their homes. There are many factors to consider when choosing the right insulation, such as R-value, material, and installation. Homeowners should consult with a professional to determine the best type of insulation for their homes.
Keep your home insulated with the help of PolarTech Spray Foam. We are a residential insulation company in Saskatoon that provides professional spray foam insulation installation and removal services. Our installers are certified by the highest standards, following the strict guidelines of CUFCA. Get a quote now!